Third-Party Network Payment Providers and Form 1099-K
January 1 signaled the start of the new year as well as the start date for a number of new laws, rules, and regulations. Among them is one that will impact business owners utilizing third-party network payment providers, such as PayPal, Venmo, and Zelle.
The new rule, which will not affect your 2021 tax return, was signed into law as part of the American Rescue Plan and is intended to ensure third-party app users pay their fair share of taxes. The new law does not create a new tax. Instead, it establishes a change in tax reporting.
Here is how it will work: Beginning January 1, 2022, taxpayers will start receiving Form 1099-K from third-party network providers for income received through electronic forms of payments, such as credit card transactions and online payments, by January 31 of the following year. As a result, third-party payers may ask for your employer identification number, individual tax identification number or Social Security number so they can properly report your transactions on your Form 1099-K.
Form 1099-K includes both taxable and nontaxable income sources. Taxable sources of income include wages, tips, rental income, and retirement income. Nontaxable income, or income that does not have to be reported on your income tax return, includes money earned by selling personal items sold via online platforms like Mercari as well as money received as a gift.
Focus on the change
Under prior law, third-party payment networks were required to report payments when (1) gross payments exceeded $20,000, and (2) there were more than 200 transactions during the year. The new law requires payment app providers to report users’ business transactions if they total $600 or more for the entire year. The number of individual payments or transactions does not impact this requirement.
The new reporting requirement is also significantly different from the previous tax law in that the new reporting requirement makes business owners who use these platforms keep good records.
Here are two things to start doing now to ensure accurate tax reporting for 2022:
- Business owners should set up separate third-party network platform accounts for both their business transactions and their personal purchases.
- Keep track of taxable income by maintaining all financial records and documents relating to the business, including but not limited to bank statements, receipts, and invoices, either electronically or manually.
It is not surprising that the government is paying attention to how this sector of the economy is required to report income. The AARP reports that 70% of Americans use these apps.
The new reporting requirement closes a tax loophole by requiring people to report their income more accurately. By targeting underreported income in this way, the government expects to raise tax revenue by $8.8 billion over the next 10 years.